# cogency

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**Learned Hand**— Infobox Judge name = Learned Hand imagesize = caption = office = Judge of United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit termstart = 1924 termend = 1961 nominator = Calvin Coolidge appointer = predecessor = Julius Marshuetz Mayer birthdate …122

**Paraconsistent logic**— A paraconsistent logic is a logical system that attempts to deal with contradictions in a discriminating way. Alternatively, paraconsistent logic is the subfield of logic that is concerned with studying and developing paraconsistent (or… …123

**Degree of truth**— In standard mathematics, propositions can typically be considered unambiguously true or false. For instance, the proposition zero belongs to the set { 0 } is regarded as simply true; while the proposition one belongs to the set { 0 } is regarded… …124

**Dialetheism**— is the view that some statements can be both true and false simultaneously. More precisely, it is the belief that there can be a true statement whose negation is also true. Such statements are called true contradictions , or dialetheia.… …125

**Computability logic**— Introduced by Giorgi Japaridze in 2003, computability logic is a research programme and mathematical framework for redeveloping logic as a systematic formal theory of computability, as opposed to classical logic which is a formal theory of truth …126

**Louis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald**— Louis Gabriel Ambroise, Vicomte de Bonald (October 2, 1754 November 23, 1840), French counter revolutionary philosopher and politician, was born at Le Monna, near Millau in Aveyron.Disliking the principles of the Revolution, he emigrated in 1791 …127

**Credibility**— refers to the objective and subjective components of the believability of a source or message. Traditionally, modern, credibility has two key components: trustworthiness and expertise, which both have objective and subjective components.… …128

**Rigour**— For the medical term, see Rigor (medicine). For the sign of death, see Rigor mortis. Rigour or rigor (see spelling differences) has a number of meanings in relation to intellectual life and discourse. These are separate from public and political… …